With COVID-19 vaccinations lagging, some states, universities, and other businesses have turned to vaccine mandates, requiring employees and or customers be vaccinated. In contrast, other states like Arkansas, Montana, and Utah have passed legislation restricting vaccination requirements. Professor Dorit Reiss of UC Hastings Law explains the constitutionality of vaccine mandates and the open question of whether vaccines approved under emergency use authorization or "EUAs" may be mandated. She explains the divergent paths states, employers, and universities have taken and the mounting legal challenges against each of these laws and policies.
FDA Approval of Pfizer-BioNTech Vaccine – On August 23, 2021 (subsequent to this interview), the FDA approved to the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine to people 16 or older.
California Vaccine Mandate – Jul 26, 2021, the Office of Governor Gavin Newsom
Office of Legal Counsel Memo on Vaccine Mandates under an Emergency Use Authorization – July 6, 2021, The Department of Justice
Klaassen v. Trustees of Indiana University – United States District Court, Northern District of Indiana South Bend Division (2021)
Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd et al v. Rivkees, M.D. – United States District Court, Southern District of Florida
Bridges, et al v. Houston Methodist Hospital et al – United States District Court, Souther District of Texas
Jacobson v. Massachussets – Supreme Court of the United States (1905)