What is DAPA?

In 2014, the Department of Homeland Security created Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA), an immigration relief program to authorize deferred action for millions of parents whose children were U.S. citizens or permanent residents. Before DAPA could be implemented, Texas along with other states successfully sued to enjoin its rollout, and the Supreme Court ultimately affirmed the injunction in 2016. Professors Cristina Rodriguez of Yale Law School and Adam Cox of NYU Law, leading immigration law experts and co-authors of The President and Immigration Law, explain the benefits DAPA sought to confer, similar to its sister program, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). They discuss the litigation surrounding the program and why the Supreme Court ended up affirming the lower court's decision in United States v. Texas.


Professor Cristina Rodriguez is the Leighton Homer Surbeck Professor of Law at Yale Law School.

Professor Adam Cox is the Robert A. Kindler Professor of Law at New York University School of Law.

Additional Resources

Full interview on the president's powers over immigration policy with Professors Cristina Rodriguez and Adam Cox: Shadow Immigration and the Power of the Presidency.