Driverless Cars—A Shift in Risk

An interview with James Anderson

The Levels of Driving Automation 
According to the SAE

  • Level 0: no automation.
    • Example features of level 0 include automatic emergency breaks or lane departure warnings
  • Level 1: driver assistance. A level one car must provide either steering or acceleration support to the driver. Most cars manufactured today include level 1 automation. 
    • Example features of level 1
  • Level 2: partial automation. Car can steer, accelerate and brake and requires driver to respond to traffic conditions.
    • Examples of level 2 automation includes the Tesla Autopilot.
  • Level 3: conditional automation. At level 3, a car can manage most aspects of driving, but driver must be available to take over in certain scenarios.
  • Level 4: high automation. At level 4, a car can perform all driving functions under most conditions. Driver option to control the car.
  • Level 5: full automation. Car can perform all driving functions under all conditions without driver assistance. 

Who is responsible when a driverless car is stolen?

"In the future, when cars can drive themselves, grand theft auto might involve a few keystrokes and a well-placed patch of bad computer code. At that point, who will be liable for the damages caused by a hacker with remote control of a 3,000-pound vehicle?  n the future, when cars can drive themselves, grand theft auto might involve a few keystrokes and a well-placed patch of bad computer code. At that point, who will be liable for the damages caused by a hacker with remote control of a 3,000-pound vehicle?"  Article by RAND

 

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